After sitting in the cold for hours, you finally get to draw back your bow. You stare through your peep sight and down the sight, focusing your sight pin on a single hair on the deer’s body. You ignore the coat rack on top of his head, and you take a deep breath while gently squeezing your release, sending the arrow hurling towards your target. Schwack, thump, your arrow has hit its mark.
Carefully watch the deer as it runs off into the distance. If you are hunting over an open field or some other type of open terrain, follow him with your binoculars for as long as you can. Listen to hear any sounds of breaking sticks or wrestling of leaves: anything that might sound like a crashing animal that might give you a clue later to his final resting place.
Your heart is racing and your blood is pumping through your body like never before. You are beginning to uncontrollably shake a little as your body gets a full shot of adrenaline. Despite the freezing temperature outside, your body is now warm from the excitement of the shot. Quietly, you cheer and pump your fist to celebrate from your perch. Your body is experiencing a natural high from all the excitement. You check your watch, note the time, and wait to climb out of your stand, for if you don’t and the deer is still nearby, you will spook him.
Finally, after a 30 minute wait, which seemed like an eternity, you can climb down out of the tree and the process of blood trailing begins. That ever-slow process by which you’re carefully following every single drop of blood on the ground, leaves, trees, rocks, and anything else it ends up on, until it leads you to the animal that you just shot. Once on the ground, make sure that you nock another arrow; you just never know when you might need to shoot again.
If it’s raining, snowing, or precipitating in any way, you should climb down immediately, as the rain and the snow make it difficult to find the blood, for it gets washed away fairly quickly.
Before you take a single step down the trail, you need to determine where you shot the deer on its body. The first clue of where a deer was hit, is its initial reaction to the arrow. If the deer was shot through the heart and lungs, its back legs will typically buck up in the air, much like a bull does when it leaves the chute at a rodeo. If the deer gets shot in the stomach area, it will run away hunched over. A deer that gets shot in the spine will drop immediately to the ground and will require a second shot to kill it.
If you are not sure of where you shot the deer, a second indicator of where a deer was hit begins with an arrow examination. If the arrow has little-to-no blood on only one side of the shaft and one or two fletching’s, or has meat or hair on it, it is likely a meat hit. If there is no blood, you probably shot the deer in “no man’s land” and the deer will likely heal and live. Any vital cavity hit will completely cover the arrow in blood. An arrow covered with bright, red, frothy blood that bubbles signifies a lung hit. Dark red blood is from the liver or stomach area and will stink. A leg hit produces thin watery blood.
You are going to have to wait longer to track a liver or stomach-hit deer. Patiently wait three to four hours before following the deer. If an animal was shot in the gut, wait at least 12 hours. This will give the animal the chance to bed several times and die. It is typically more profitable to wait too long to track, rather than not long enough.
Once the blood trail has been located, do not leave it to randomly search the woods. Always stick with the blood trail moving cautiously and slowly. You never want to jump an injured deer, as they can run a long way on adrenaline. Constantly scan your periphery for the deer. I have had a lot of deer run a curl pattern on me.
Attempting to find deer in dense terrain is nearly impossible without a blood trail. Even if you think you know where the deer went down, just stay on the trail. As you follow your trail, it is often helpful to use neon colored survey tape to make the blood trail. This will give a reference point to look back to if you lose the trail at any point. As you are trailing the deer, stop every ten yards and use your binoculars to look ahead. When looking out ahead of a blood trail, look at the tree stumps, compost piles, hay bales, and such, as deer will often curl up next to these items. I have even had one crawl into a thicket and die there. Patience is your best friend when you are trailing deer.
You do not want to spook the deer if he has not died yet. If you go more than 150 yards and do not find him, stop, back out, and wait four more hours. Deer will head to water when they are injured. If you shoot a deer near a creek or a river, expect the deer to head in that direction.
Blood trailing is best done with the help of only one other person. Any more than that will make too much noise and could spook the deer. If it is dark, make sure you have a high-quality blood trailing flashlight. You should only ever add additional people after several hours of searching and when you are going to do a grid search.
Sometimes, you may even be down crawling on your hands and knees. It is when you find your dead animal that you can truly appreciate the power and magnitude of the weapon that you hold in your hand. It is also the moment you realize how majestic the animal is that is laying front of you. It will definitely cause you to pause for moment and thank the Lord above.